Friday, December 27, 2019
The Metric Division Case Midterm Case I. Diagnosis After having carefully read the Metric Division Case, and having well in mind the Open Systems Model exposed by Cummings and Worley in The Essentials of Organization Development and Change, I think that as an OD professional I would choose to examine this case at the Group Level. Throughout the text, it seems pretty clear that the division and the staff encounter some problems that are typically related to the design component of the Open System Model at the group level. If we carefully analyse the Metric Division issues, we can clearly identify that the major issues are located at the group level. - goal clarity , which describes the extent to which group understandsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A larger issue raised during the interviews is the problem encountered during meetings. A lot of staff members were complaining that meetings were often ineffective in the way they were organized. Regarding that matters, staff members highlight the fact that they rarely solve any issues during meetings Ã¢â¬Å"Meetings seem to be a waste of time in terms of moving the business aheadÃ¢â¬ . It appears to be mainly due to the lack of organization and agenda during meetings. Conversation often last for ever without specifically speaking about the problems per say. We said that Task Structure was equivalent to the way the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s work is designed. Meetings are supposed to help the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s work to be designed. The problem really is that there is no structure enabling the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s work to be designed. Staff meetings are apparently not structured enough. No systematic approach is clearly set which adds another hindrance to the already too large staff memberÃ¢â¬â¢s amount. As no structure is really present when conducting meetings, priorities of issues are often blurry and no solutions clearly emerge. Minor and minor issues are addressed with almost the same importance; everybody is allowed to talk which inevitably leads to a total confusion and therefore a clear lack of effectiveness. A reduce amount of people within staffs, a better organized and structured meeting should help the division to better solve its currentShow MoreRelatedFIN 534 Midterm Exam 12380 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesÃ¯ » ¿FIN 534 Midterm Exam 1 1. Of the following investments, which would have the lowest present value? Assume that the effective annual rate for all investments is the same and is greater than zero. 2. You plan to analyze the value of a potential investment by calculating the sum of the present values of its expected cash flows. Which of the following would increase the calculated value of the investment? 3. Which of the following statements regarding a 20-year monthly payment amortized mortgage withRead MoreMidterm Exam Part 1 Solutions1799 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesÃ¯ » ¿00Test Week 5 Midterm Exam Part 1 Started 11/12/14 12:52 PM Submitted 11/12/14 3:39 PM Status Needs Grading Attempt Score 40 out of 50 points Time Elapsed 2 hours, 46 minutes out of 2 hours. Instructions This exam consist of 25 multiple choice questions and covers the material in Chapters 1 through 3. Question 1 .2 out of 2 points Correct You recently sold 200 shares of Apple stock to your brother. The transfer was made through a broker, and the trade occurred on the NYSE. ThisRead MoreProject Management Infomaton System48477 Words Ã |Ã 194 PagespeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences, this Ã¢â¬Å"intellectual capitalÃ¢â¬ is one of CAREÃ¢â¬â¢s mission critical assets. Information on practices in the field and information on current methodologies, solutions and approaches need to reach an ever wider audience that in many cases lays outside CAREÃ¢â¬â¢s organizational boundaries. Knowledge Management is about the organizational incentives, rewards, structures and behaviors required for staff to share, learn and use the tacit subjective insights, intuitions, and experiences. KnowledgeRead MoreAnalysis Of Welspun Corp Ltd. Essay9873 Words Ã |Ã 40 PagesContents 1. General Info About Welspun Group 1 1.1. Introduction to Welspun Group 2 1.2. Companies of Welspun Group 2 1.3. WelspunÃ¢â¬â¢s Vision 3 1.4. WelspunÃ¢â¬â¢s Mission 3 1.5. Important Changes and Developments 4 1.6. History of Welspun Corp Ltd. 5 1.7. Divisions of Welspun Corp Ltd. 6 1.8. Plates and CoilsÃ¢â¬â¢ Certification 7 1.9. CSR Philosophy 7 1.10. Corporate Information 10 1.11. Industry Analysis 12 1.12. Top Ten Competitors of Welspun Corp Ltd. 12 1.13. SWOT Analysis 13 1.14. Competitive Strengths 14Read MoreThe Management and Control of Quality 8e34169 Words Ã |Ã 137 Pagesefficiencies (the operations side). a. product-based b. user-based c. value-based d. manufacturing-based Answer: c AACSB: Reflective Thinking Skills _____ are targets and tolerances determined by designers of products and services. a. Trials b. Process metrics c. Controls d. Specifications Answer: d AACSB: Analytic Skills When a part dimension is specified as Ã¢â¬Å"0.236 Ã ± 0.003 cmÃ¢â¬ , it would mean that the target, or ideal value, is 0.236 centimeters, and that the allowable variation is 0.003 centimeters fromRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words Ã |Ã 1056 PagesRecession 21 Off Shoring 21 Mergers 22 A Look at Ethics 22 Summary 23 Demonstrating Comprehension: Questions for Review 24 Key Terms 24 HRM Workshop 25 Linking Concepts to Practice: Discussion Questions 25 Developing Diagnostic and Analytical Skills 25 Case 1: Work/Life Balance at Baxter 25 Working with a Team: Understanding Diversity Issues 25 Learning an HRM Skill: Guidelines for Acting Ethically 26 Enhancing Your Communication Skills 26 ETHICAL ISSUES IN HRM: Invasion of Privacy? 9 WORKPLACE ISSUES:
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Comparison and Contrast Essay A Separate Peace and The Catcher in the Rye The coming of age novels, The Catcher in the Rye, written by J.D. Salinger, and A Separate Peace, written by John Knowles, both interpret the lives of adolescent boys journeying through their conflicts and inner confusion to reach the level of maturity. Salinger and Knowles both discern the literal ways a typical teenager grows up with the help of literary elements such as plot, setting, character development, conflicts, irony, symobolism, theme, and point of view. In both of the novels, the setting is taken place in an all boys school. The all boys school in A Separate Peace was named Devon High School, located in New Hampshire and the school in The CatcherÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The cause of this depression is the death of his younger brother Ally. In the novel, he describes that he literally broke all the windows in the garage and that he wasnt able to attend Allies funeral because he spent his time in the hospital healing his hands. Also, the switching of private schools and the way his parents are always neglecting him is another reason of his depression. An example of how they describe Holdens depression is found early in the novel. In chapter 1, Old Spencer says Life is a game boy. Life is a game that one plays according to the rules. Then Holden replies with, Yes sir. I know it is. I know itÃâ¦Game my a**. Some game. If you get on the side where all the hot-shots are, then its a game, all right- Ill admit that. But if you get on the other side, where there arent any hot-shots, then whats a game about it? Nothing. No Game (Salinger 8). This quote shows that Holden is a victim of depression and in his thoughts he compares himself as not being with the hot-shots, which means that he is alienated in society. However, in A Separate Peace, Gene doesnt have this conflict because he belongs to a club. This club that he is in is called the Super Suicide Society in the Summer Session where his major con flict started. WhenShow MoreRelatedSymbolic Meaning of the Land in Gone with the Wind6993 Words Ã |Ã 28 Pagesis also concerned with all human beings emotional changes and spiritual world. The previous researches about Gone with the Wind relate to the theme of the novel, the characteristics of the protagonist, the feminism, the tomorrow complex and the comparison between Gone with the Wind and other books. Tara as the family for the heroine Scarlett is conferred with special meanings. To the general extent, the land Tara laid on has a more wide sense in this book. Appearing for many times and associating
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Attention Deficit Disorder Essay Paper Attection Deficit DisorderBy: Ryan FishTo be nobody-but-myselfin a world which is doing its best, night and day, to makeyou everybody else-means to fight the hardest battle which any human being canfight, and never stop fighting. -E.E. Cummings, 1958 Attention Deficit Disorder is a long and some what mysterious sounding name that tries to describe something you probably already call Hyperactivity. But, attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is much more that Hyperactivity. History of ADDIn 1902 children who demonstrated many of the symptoms that are today part of attentiondeficit disorder would be described as children with morbid defects in moral control. Inthe 1940s, children exhibiting this form of behavior were diagnosed with brain injuredsyndrome because children with brain injuries from disease or trauma behave in muchthe same way. Any child displaying these behaviors regardless of evidence of brain injurywere diagnosed as having brain injury syndrome. What Causes ADD?ADD may be caused by a abnormally from trauma, disease, fetal exposure to alcohol andtobacco, or high levels of Lead. In parts of the brain there is a diminished activity in themorphology and frontal region of the brain. Statistics of ADDMost of the diagnosis is at childhood. Experts say that over 2 million (3 to 5%) childrenhave ADD. About 50% of these 2 million children who have ADD are believed to beunderachievers. Also with this 50% the children are believed to have social and academicdifficulties. About 40% of the 2 million have a 40% IQ discrepancy. The glad part is that80% 90% of these children receive medication for there problem, but most of them stillneed behavior modifications. Most schools help with that. Behaviors Observed in ADDSome characteristics are: -Makes careless mistakes in school work. -Dislikes tasks that involve sustaining mental effort. -Has difficulty sustaining attention. -Does not seem to listen when spoken to. -Often loses things. -Does not follow through on instructions. -Often distracted. -Has difficulty organizing tasks. -Often forgetful in daily activities. Six or more of the following symptoms will result in the diagnosis of peractivity-impulsivity:HyperactivityImpulsivityFidgets or squirmsOften talks excessivelyOften leaves seat in classroomOften blurts out answersOften runs about inappropriatelyOften has difficulty waiting turnDifficulty playing quietlyOften interrupts othersAlso while the person with ADD gets older the Impulsivity gets more consistent. Usually girls dont show Impulsivity as much as guys. How To Help ADD In The ClassroomResearchers have identified classroom characteristics which promote success for manychildren that have ADD: -predictability-structure-shorter work periods-small teacher to pupil ratio-more individualized instruction-interesting curriculum-use of positive reinforcementsThe teachers attitude is very helpful if she/he has the following characteristics:-positive academic expectations-frequent monitoring and checking of work-clarity in giving directions-warmth, patience and humor-consistency and firmness-knowledge of different behavioral interventions-willingness to work with a special education teacherADD In The ClassroomSchool is where the characteristics of ADD are first noticed. Most tasks in school arehard for a person with ADD. The student has difficulty: sitting in his/her seat,understanding directions, and often distracted. How To Diagnose ADDOne of the most common ways to diagnose ADD is for the person to stare at a clock. Indoing this the doctor l ooks for three or more of the following:-Difficulty sustaining attention at the clock. -Often fidgets or moves excessively. -Difficulty following directions. -Does not seem to listen when spoken to. -Often distracted by other things around him/her. Treating ADD With Common DrugsThe most common way of treating ADD is giving him/her drugs (exp: syler, dexedrine,and the most common ritelin). There is non-drug related ways of chemically changingthe physiological imbalance of the brain. One of them is a school that is completelydevoted to ADD. Another one is electrical impulses sent to the brain to control his/hermotor skills in both mental and physical. With electrical impulse treatment it seems towork better than drug related practice.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
The glowing bonfire flickered onthe small piece of land, perfectly complementing the November nights sky.Wearing our hats and mittens, the four of us gathered around the fire to drinkhot chocolate in celebration of the first clear night in weeks. Joe, Greg,Matt and I frequently spent time together in Joes backyard. It was the closestto nature most of us got: no streetlights, no highways just acres of trees, apond, and a star-filled sky. Looking across the pond, I could see the skyreflecting on the water. Moved by this sight, I dashed onto the dock to dancebetween the twin firmaments. As I spun, the images of the fire, trees and Joecavorting across the dock blurred together like an oilpainting. Dont fall in! Joe shouted playfully as he scoop-edme into his arms. Though the spinning had stopp-ed, my head was still notprocessing my surroundings properly. Suddenly I felt my feet leaving the groundas Joe whipped me around, swinging my legs out over the water. We will write a custom essay sample on Swimming Lessons in November or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Joe began slippingand we realized we were both falling in. Though the memory of our descentescapes me, I remember the icy water feeling like knives. My body instantly wentnumb, and I couldnt figure out the whereabouts of my limbs. When most of theshock and confusion subsided, I could see the dock in front of me. A great forcewas pushing me up from below as I reached for Matts outstretched hands. Imanaged to pull myself to my feet on the dock while Joe emerged from thewater. In my head, I kept hearing Mrs. Turners only rule for theevening: No one gets wet, as Joe and I nervously entered the house totake showers and change our clothes. Unfortunately, Mrs. Turner was on the phonein the living room, our only entrance. She cringed, revealing anger and concern.She hung up and rushed me into the bathroom, bringing towels and warmclothes. As the hot water warmed my half-frozen body and feeling beganreturning to my toes, I had a sudden epiphany. Joe had held me up during our timeof crisis. He had sacrificed breathing, obviously crucial to his own survival, tokeep me from sinking deeper. Overcome by tears, I saw that this was clearly notthe first, nor would it be the last time Joe would save me. Often when I wasupset or troubled, Joe would come to my rescue, whether by helping me withchemistry, holding my hand while attending our friends funeral or simplyreminding me to smile when times were tough. Friends in this life havebeen many; true friends have been few. But no matter where my life takes me, Iknow I will always have a special person pushing me to be something greater,reminding me of my worth. So many people refer to their best friends as theirlifesavers, and when I tell people Joe is mine, I smile because Iknow its true in more ways than one.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Laura Ashley company profile Laura Ashley company profile SWOT, PESTEL and Porter's 5 Forces analyses of Laura Ashley (2009, 2500 words) This paper offers an overview of Laura Ashley, one of UK's top homeware and clothes retailers with an excellent reputation. It examines the environment in which Laura Ashley is operating by employing a PESTEL analysis and then goes on to further analyze the industry in which Laura Ashley operates by using Porter's Five Forces model. Finally, a SWOT analysis is used in order to identify the company's strengths and weaknesses and to reveal any opportunities it can capitalise on and threats it may encounter in the process of further development (SWOT). Laura Ashley, SWOT; PESTEL; Porter's Five Forces Company Overview History Laura Ashley, one of today's most recognizable fashion and home furnishings brands was founded by Laura and her Bernard Ashley. Their initiative enjoyed huge success on and by 1970 when sales had reached
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Harriet Jacobs essays Harriet Jacobs tells the story of her life in slavery in Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Though born a slave in 1813 in North Carolina, Harriets early years were spent under a kind mistress. Her mother and father, both slaves, were permitted to live together as a family. Due to her fathers sought after carpentry skill, he was able to hire himself out for work, even though he was a slave. Because of her mistresses kindness and her familys living situation, she did not realize that she was indeed a slave until the age of six. Harriets understanding that she was someone elses property set in after her mothers death. In 1825, the kind mistress passed away and Harriett became the property of the mistresses five year old niece. Due to the girls young age, her father Dr. Flint, was in charge of Harriet Under the roof of Dr. and Mrs. Flint, Harriet had to endure his sexual abuse and his wifes jealous mistreatment. When she becomes involved with Mr. Sands, a white, unmarried attorney, she feels both freedom from Dr. Flint and guilt for violating her moral principles. She eventually has two children, Joseph and Louisa, by Mr. Sands. Dr. Flints jealousy of Mr. Sands causes him to become even more controlling of Harriet. It seems that because Harriet had such a positive early childhood, it was even more difficult for her to accept the intolerable position of life as a slave. When the situation is finally to much to bear, Harriet escapes her owner and goes into hiding in the garret of her grandmother's house in Edenton. She remained in this self-imposed hiding for seven years before escaping in 1842to the North in . Ten years later, Harriet is finally freed from slavery when her friend and employer Cornelia Willis, buys her freedom for the price of three hundred dollars. ...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Ohio Senate Race 2012 Sherrod Brown vs. Josh Mandel - Case Study Example The key issue that the candidates are asking voters to consider is the recently passed health care law, popularly known as Ã¢â¬Å"Obamacare.Ã¢â¬ On one hand, Brown, just as a majority of Democrats, likes the law and supported its passage. On the other hand, Mandel wants this law repealed (Torry, Ã¢â¬Å"HealthcareÃ¢â¬ ). Indeed, the healthcare issue has been divisive not only amongst Ohioans, but also across the entire nation. This issue is important because Ohioans will identify the candidate who will support their preferred choice for healthcare. The two candidates are asking voters to consider the issue of abortion, which is another issue that draws emotions in the American society with people being either pro-choice or against abortion. This issue is crucial, especially amongst women voters, since they need to make a decision regarding the candidate who will support their needs. In addition, the recent global financial crisis is another issue that the candidates are asking vo ters to consider. In line with this, voters will want to know the candidate who will bring measures that reduced the States federal debt while improving the economy of the state (Torry, Ã¢â¬Å"Federal DebtÃ¢â¬ ). On one hand, Brown portrays himself as a defender of the middle class andÃ a supporter of the rights of women. ... Conversely, Mandel projects BrownÃ¢â¬â¢s pro-choice image as views of an extremist (Sewell). Through campaign ads, debates, and public rallies, the candidates are able to get their messages out to the voters. In fact, the Ohio Senate race is the most expensive race this election year (Davidson). Hence, various people and groups have spent money on ads in this campaign since the stakes are high. The candidates have tried hard to avoid any gaffes and controversies that might cost them the race due to the thin margin in the opinion polls. However, MandelÃ¢â¬â¢s gaffe of calling Mourdock a Ã¢â¬Å"gentlemanÃ¢â¬ and his remarks about abortion a Ã¢â¬Å"class actÃ¢â¬ might influence the voting patterns amongst women (Sewell). Nonetheless, Mandel indicated that he did not agree with MourdockÃ¢â¬â¢s statement and the media failed to highlight this issue. The mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s coverage of the race is faultless. In this case, the local media and the national media have been instrumental in highlighting the issues that these two candidates propose to the voters. In addition, the analysis and the reporting have been fair since each candidate appears to have equal airplay by the media covering the race. BrownÃ¢â¬â¢s message to the voters regards the improvement of the StateÃ¢â¬â¢s economy, and he provides specifics on the issue of taxes. On the other hand, JoshÃ¢â¬â¢s main message to the voters on tax opposes BrownÃ¢â¬â¢s message on tax extensions. However, the two candidates do not provide the specifics that lay a plan on reducing the deficit that the State is currently facing (Torry, Ã¢â¬Å"Federal DebtÃ¢â¬ ). Thus, the mediaÃ areÃ not distorting the messages from these two candidates as the two candidates failed to provide a clear approach of dealing with the
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Business organisation - Essay Example 2007)Ã¢â¬ . Scientific management principals and tools were developed by emphasizing on extensive research and studies to provide a management solution to the managers who are considered as major stakeholders in the wellbeing of an organization. Fredrick W. Taylor is considered the pioneer in developing scientific management theories. He worked on the application of scientific methods to the labour management to improve their productivity. Ã¢â¬Å"He spent more than two decades passionately pursuing the Ã¢â¬Ëone best wayÃ¢â¬â¢ for each job to be done (Robbins & Coulter, 2002)Ã¢â¬ . Scientific management call for the need of application of maximization of workerÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity by the application of appropriate and efficient work methodologies in the light of science, especially ergonomics. The industries at that time were production oriented and mass production, Fordism, and they required practices and procedure that were scientifically designed to optimize their work activities. Fredrick Taylor, who is called the father of scientific management, was a self-made man with his professional career spent in working within a labour intensive environment. Prior to scientific management, Ã¢â¬Å"Taylor worked as an apprentice to a pattern-maker, and as a machinist. He later joined the Midvale steel company as a labor rising in eight years to chief engineer (Hartman S.W. 2007)Ã¢â¬ . He worked in that environment observing efficiencies in work practices and thus created a desire to work upon the improvement of working methods. Taylor worked for years to develop optimal work methods and developed four principles, called principles of scientific management. Later Gantt and Gilbreth made some alterations in his theory but the basic theme remained the same. In addition, the idea was to break the tasks into simple and small parts and each part to be assigned to a particular person who has the capability and
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Criminal Liability - Case Study Example The collision resulted in the death of a man. Pitwood argued that he had no legal duty to the deceased, but Judge Wright held that he did have one arising from his contract of employment. While R. v. Pitwood is often regarded as a classic case of criminal liability for omission, Wright's actual words leave some room for doubt: Thus the judge may actually have been seeing liability coming from the fact that Pitwood had left the level crossing gate open rather than the fact that he had not shut the level crossing gate. Thus did the liability come from an action or an inaction It would seem that the former occurred. This was a case of gross negligence manslaughter, a crime that is a useful background to the whole subject of criminal liability for omission. In general such manslaughter requires the following elements: Duty is imposed by common law statute. A breach is the failure to do something or doing something incorrectly according to the standard expected. The causal link is the fact that death has resulted from this failure with no intervening cause while gross negligence is the fact that the standard of performance or non-performance is so bad as to make it criminal. How do Jon's acts fit into these elements First of all he had a duty to the clients of the gym because he is employed as an instructor. A gym has potentially very dangerous equipment within it - as what happens to Ian shows - and anyone employed by it has a duty of care towards the clients. There is a clear breach of duty in both 1) and 2). The breach in 1) is an example of negligence, while that in 2) moves well beyond even gross negligence into an intentional act that is designed to seriously hurt or even kill Ian. In this case the omission rises to the point of an act. He possesses both the mens rea and the actus reus for the crime of murder. If Ian had been outright killed by the weights falling onto his chest, Jon could have been charged with murder. However, a difficult arises as to the fact that there is clearly an intervening event which actually leads to the death. While Jon was clearly expecting Ian to be injured, it was not reasonable for him to think that he would be allergic to antibiotics and that the doctor would not notice and give them to him. At the same time the but for principle is at work. In other words, but for the actions of Jon, Ian would have never been in the hospital in the first place. The intervening event and but for principles would create
Friday, November 15, 2019
Issues in Historic Building Conservation Construction Technology and Rehabilitation Referring to specific case studies this paper aims to investigate attitudes towards the preservation and restoration of historic buildings and the influences and constraints which might affect the development of such buildings. Why preserve? Many buildings are either deserted by their owners when the cost of restoration becomes too great, or demolished when the lesser expense of a new development and its saleability are of greater appeal. The future of historic buildings relies not only on the people or governing bodies that own them, but also on organizations such as English Heritage that list and protect buildings from development and raise public awareness through schemes such as the Ã¢â¬ËBlue PlaqueÃ¢â¬â¢ scheme (www.english-heritage.org). The relatively recent enthusiasm for television programmes about restoration have also helped heighten awareness. As Philip Wilkinson phrases it: Ã¢â¬ËOld buildings form strong links with the past () to historians and archaeologists they are precious documents, unlocking information about the life, art, aspirations, and technology of the people who built them and used them.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Wilkinson: 2005, p.13) Long-term preservation can dramatically increase the economy of an area. For example, Bath and North East Somerset which is famous for its Georgian and stone buildings generates a huge revenue through tourism because of the efforts taken to conserve its rich heritage. The expense often proves a deterrent but in the case of either private land owners or council owned properties English Heritage and other such organisations such as the Funds for Historic Buildings (www.ffhb.org.uk) can provide financial aid in the form of grants, tax relief, and subsidised loans. Safety, Security and Assessment Ã¢â¬ËThe George InnÃ¢â¬â¢ a mediaeval Inn, five miles south of Bath, owned by the Wadworth family, was restored in 1998 by Stansell Conservation, West Country Tiling, under the direction of Acanthus members, Ferguson Mann Architects. (http://www.buildingconservation.com/articles/george/george.htm). A major part of the building was unoccupied and unusable, and the task was to conserve and repair, then turn the pub into a small hotel with 12 bedrooms and ensuite bathrooms. Being of large timber framed structure with intricate stonework and huge stone slate roofs, the procedures had to be selected carefully. Other considerations were taken into account; such as its archaeological investigation, and adhering to the fire-safety requirements of creating hotel accommodation. The original plan depended on the creation of accommodation on the top floor of the main building: however, the provision of an alternative means of escape would have involved major interventions to the building so this plan was altered: Fire safety presented problems as the stair tower had to be protected from smoke and flames in the event of a fire. The standard solution, wired glass doors on either side of the stairs, would have had a disastrous impact on the character of the interior. The solution was to hide the fire doors in the walls so that they could not be seen when open, and to fit them with electro magnetic catches so that they would close automatically when a fire is detected. (http://www.buildingconservation.com/articles/george/george.htm). Factors to consider in the conservation of structures not only concern the building itself but also the area surrounding it. The situation of the George Inn, on the pavement of a busy main street, caused potential danger from falling stone slates and maintenance access was severely restricted. The scaffolding to the front had to be cantilevered out in a Ã¢â¬Ëcomplex, engineer-designed structure.Ã¢â¬â¢ It was therefore decided to opt for a high specification and every element of the roof covering was considered carefully. Temporary works are often needed during projects either because there is a risk that a structure might otherwise collapse or because it is necessary to remove some vital supporting member for renewal or alteration. In situations like this it is vital that the expertise of experienced architects and surveyors is sought so as to avoid unnecessary damage or alteration to the building as such mistakes can be irreparable. It is valuable to have a detailed specification for any particular project, bearing in mind that an historic buildingÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest value is the materials out of which it is made. Risk assessment and security surveys will be needed. Historic buildings can often harbour valuable treasures and can be at risk during building procedures; hence systems such as security lighting, CCTV and alarms might need installing on the site. Legislation Rehabilitation projects involve working closely with others progress depending on the reliability of contractors who could potentially go into receivership or resign. When legal matters are involved sites can often lie dormant until they are resolved. In some situations it is likely that legislative procedures will clash. For example, a fire escape on the top floor of the Inn might have impinged upon viable planning procedures for that age and type of building. More seriously, the listing of a property does not guarantee its safety. The English Heritage stipulates that the purpose of listing is to give a building Ã¢â¬Ëstatutory protection against unauthorised demolition, alteration or extension.Ã¢â¬â¢ (www.english-heritage.org). Demolition or extensive alteration may be approved on a property if it becomes Ã¢â¬Ëde-listedÃ¢â¬â¢ however this usually only occurs if new evidence about the architectural or historic interest is uncovered or if extensive fire damage occurs. Decisions on the nature of works carried out on historic buildings normally depend on Listed Building Control which allows for the modification of proposals to alter or demolish the building. Sometimes planning permission can be granted and listed building co nsent refused: and unless both are approved then development cannot continue. As Michael Ross says in his publication on Planning and the Heritage: The emphasis is on conservation rather than preservation. In many cases, the two will be synonymous, but in others, the emphasis will not be on keeping the building as it is at all costs, but in ensuring that its life is guaranteed and lengthened in a way that will not destroy its special interest. That means in many cases that there will be a balance to be struck between the value of the old and the needs of the new. In others, no balance will be possible and consent will have to be refused. (Ross: 1996, p.92) If a building is not protected by law and modifications have the potential to appear unsightly or too radical in their design, then the Local Planning Authority use their discretion as to whether or not the application should be approved. In the case of Manor Farm, Over Haddon, (www.peakdistrict.org/ctte/planning/reports/2005) demolition and development of outbuildings themselves not listed but adjacent to a listed farmhouse, into office buildings and a car park was refused as the proposal was seen to seriously harm the setting and character of the listed building and the character of the Haddon conservation area. Time, Methods, and Materials Many historic buildings require consistent attention over time. For example, the Mediaeval Tithe Barn in Bradford-on-Avon was in a bad state of repair in 1914 and given to the Wiltshire Archaeological Society. Because of the war only Ã £400 could be spent on necessary repairs which failed to eliminate the cause of decay. (Ministry of Works, 1953). In July 1939 the Archaeological Society handed it to the Ministry of Works, and by 1975 all decaying timber in the roof trusses had been replaced, with the dangerously leaning north wall rebuilt. (Department of the Environment Ancient Monuments and Historic Buildings, 1975). Restoring a building can be a monumental task and requires sufficient research and investment in order to complete the project. Furthermore, damage limitation must be considered: if a building is undergoing structural repairs then parts such as delicate roof timbers should not be exposed to the elements any longer than absolutely necessary, otherwise further problems might occur. Suitable materials need to be used, for example, lime mortar was most commonly used in old buildings as it allowed flexibility within the structure. The modern cement mortar could be disastrous as not only is it visibly different, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s harder consistency would restrict the movement of a building. The cleaning and repairs of the Ã¢â¬ËCircusÃ¢â¬â¢ buildings in Bath during 1987 (Tindall: 1989) recorded painstaking care over the ancient stonework and close examination of the damage caused by acid rain. Problems occurred during cold weather where repairs had to be protected with dry cotton wool which gave sufficient insulation to prevent damage. Conservation and cleaning of stonework is a delicate process, and requires the patience and expertise of skilled workers. Compared to the number of people who practise modern building methods there is a shortage of knowledgeable masons, thus, as Hunter phrases it, there isÃ¢â¬â¢ a gap between the trained mason and the trained conservator.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Hunter:1980). Furthermore, this sort of conflict between traditional and modern methods arises in the function of the historic building itself. Many traditional farm buildings are abandoned, allowed to fall into ruin or demolished because they can no longer fulfil the purpose for which th ey were built. (Brunskill:1999, p.147). Such buildings can often be redeemed by converting them to domestic use, although this poses other problems such as the requirements of roof lights, windows, bathrooms and gardens which can all impinge upon the original character of the building. Conservation and repair work requires forethought and attention to detail; qualities which are not always promoted in todayÃ¢â¬Ës society. Maintaining positive attitudes towards conservation is almost as essential as the work itself, and with continued education and investment the futures of historic buildings are becoming increasingly more secure. References Brunskill, R.W., 1999, 3rd Ed., Traditional Farm Buildings of Britain and their Conservation. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd. Department of the Environment Ancient Monuments and Historic Buildings, 1975, The Medieval Tithe Barn, Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire. Edinburgh: HMSO Press. Hunter, D., 1990 , Bath Stone in Building: ItÃ¢â¬â¢s use, repair and conservation. Bath City Council. Ross, M., 1996, Planning and the Heritage: Policy and Procedures. London: Spon Press Ministry of Works, 1953, The Mediaeval Tithe Barn. West Bromich: Joseph Wones Ltd. Tindall, L., 1989, Conservation in Bath, Four Studies (offprint from ASCHB). Vol.14. Bath City Council. Wilkinson, P., 2005, Restoration, the story continues.. Bath: English Heritage. www.buildingconservation.com/articles/george/george.htm www.english-heritage.org www.ffhb.org.uk www.peakdistrict.org/ctte/planning/reports/2005 Further Reading OrbaÃâ¦Ã ¸lÃâÃ ±, A., 2000, Tourists in Historic Towns: Urban Conservation and Heritage Management. London: E FN Spon. Stuchbury, H.E., 1973, Conservation and Development of the Historic Buildings of Bath. Journal of Planning and Environment Law, Jun 1973.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Beautiful is a praising and admiring description which most people would love to hear about themselves. Although some people believe inner beauty is more important than outer beauty, the truth is that most people love outer beauty. As stated by Emerson, Ã¢â¬Å"if eyes were made for seeing, then beauty is its own excuse for beingÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Ralph Waldo Emerson,Ã¢â¬ par. 28). People not only want to be beautiful, but they also tend to seek physical attractiveness. In fact, this is a culture consumed by beauty and attractiveness (Bennett, par.3). From mass fairy-tale stories and Hollywood movies, most people have learnt the stereotype of being beautiful is good and being ugly is bad. The stories and movies always show attractive actors and actresses defeating wicked, ugly villains. This strong stereotype, which powerfully influences each personÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of beauty, causes people to believe a beautiful person is more successful and superior. Dr. Herron states that Ã¢â¬Å" the Ã¢â¬ËBeauty = PowerÃ¢â¬â¢ formula is deeply entrenched in our psychesÃ¢â¬ (Herron 109). To be sure, beauty is a capital power which can determine and improve oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life (Bennett, par. 1) since it can influence the clubs they join, the friendships they make, the people they marry, the jobs people get, and the salaries they earn (Berry 3). Attractive people are able to have many advantages and positive outcomes, such as having more popularity, greater confidence, more dating opportunities, more promotional chances, and higher salaries (Patel, Utpal, and Rebecca, par.4). Being attractive is important nowadays because it affects peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s interpersonal relationships and workplace experiences. First of all, attractive people are more likely to have better relationships in societies. The author of the article Ã¢â¬Å"WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Beauty: Put Down or Power Source?Ã¢â¬ mentions that Ã¢â¬Å"beauty is a form of power (Sontag 94),Ã¢â¬ which is true, especially in building relationships. To have good social and interpersonal interactions, the essential factor is physical attractiveness (Patel, Utpal, and Rebecca, par.1). Of course, inner beauty is necessary, but most people would not want to understand and know others deeply who are unattractive or give an unpleasant first impression. For example, I am one of those people who choose their friends by their good looks, and I would say even though some of my friends are plain, none of them would be categorized as homely. In fact, attractive people can have more benefits and positive outcomes than plain or unattractive people in interpersonal relationships.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"It is not what an author says, but what he or she whispers that is important,Ã¢â¬ by Logan Pearsall Smith. This quote means that the author delivers the theme through underlie themes. A lot of the times he may not come out and say what they are trying to say. Most of the time you have to read between the lines. This statement is true in literature as well as in life. Two literary works that prove this quote to be true are Ã¢â¬Å"The Tragedy of MacbethÃ¢â¬ , the play, by William Shakespeare and Ã¢â¬Å"The Lord Of The FliesÃ¢â¬ , the novel by William Golding. Ã¢â¬Å"The Tragedy of MacbethÃ¢â¬ , the play, by William Shakespeare proves this quote to be true by using many different methods. William Shakespeare uses themes to whisper that too much drive for something can help to destroy a person. Also taking part in evil can destroy a person. The Main character, Macbeth, allows his drive, or tragic flaw, to control his life to the point of death. One Example is when Macbeth gets killed because he killed so many other people, including MacduffÃ¢â¬â¢s family, and Macduff wanted revenge. In it self the title of the play Ã¢â¬Å"The Tragedy of MacbethÃ¢â¬ , is a way of the author whispering to the audience that Macbeth will die by the end of the play. Throughout the play Shakespeare tells the readers that it was his drive and participation in evil that lead the MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s death, you just have to read between the lines to see this. The second literary work that helps to prove this quote to be true is Ã¢â¬Å"The Lord Of The FliesÃ¢â¬ , the novel by William Golding. This novel also uses theme to prove this quote to be true. Golding whispers that the theme of Ã¢â¬Å"The Lord Of The FliesÃ¢â¬ is that manÃ¢â¬â¢s evil action dictates the extent that democracy can flourish. The protagonist, Ralph, is elected as the leader of the young group of boys on the island. Throughout the novel Ralph is constantly challenged by the antagonist, Jack. Golding uses the conch as a symbol of democracy. Because of Jack Simon and Piggy both died. Simon and Piggy symbolized intellect and reason. Throughout The Lord Of The Flies Golding whispers that everybody has a dark side, which is what prevents democracy from flourishing. Ã¢â¬ It is not what an author says, but what he or she whispers that isÃ important,Ã¢â¬ by Logan Pearsall Smith. This quote means that the author delivers the theme through underlie themes. A lot of the times he may not come out and say what they are trying to say. Most of the time you have to read between the lines. This statement is true in literature as well as in life. Two literary works that prove this quote to be true are The Tragedy of Macbeth, the play, by William Shakespeare and The Lord Of The Flies, the novel by William Golding. Both of these novels used many different methods of showing how the author whispers the theme to the audience. In both situations the readers were able to figure it out.
Friday, November 8, 2019
College is the greatest opportunity in the world. Where else would I be able to study what I want to study, rather than what I am made to study? Nothing sounds better to me than going to school everyday and learning about subjects and issues than I am realy interested in. In college I intend to major in psychology and minor in music. I have chosen psychology because I am interested in studying the human mind and why people behave and act the way they do. I am interested in working with children and adolescent at risk. I am almost certain that this will be a profession I will love and feel good about. I wish to minor in music because I love music and have a need to learn more about it. If possible, I plan to combine these two areas of study in my future career. Perhaps in the field of music therapy. The idea of being able to study exactly what I want facinates me. I am excited to know that college will give me this opportunity. I want to take advantage of my college experience to the fullest extent. During my high school years I did not participate in as many activities as I would have liked to. As I start my senior year I realize there is not much time left. I am a very shy person and this has kept me back from doing many of the things that I would like to do. I know college will offer me new ways and possibilities to get involved and become part of something. College will provide me with a chance to once and for all start to overcome my shyness. In college I will open myself to things that I really care about and try things that I did not try before. I look forward to immersing myself in new and exciting things and not taking anything for granted. I see college as a time to finally "shed my skin".... Free Essays on Significant Experience Free Essays on Significant Experience I am learning, both through observations and first-hand experiences, that there are many mishaps in life which seem to be unexplainable and unfair, and yet have devastating consequences. Disease fits into this category. Its atrocity does not stem from the fact that it is a rare or uncommon occurrence, since illness and disease pervade our lives as we hear numerous stories of sick people and come into contact with them each day. However, there is a marked difference between reading in the newspaper that a famous rock star or sports icon has tested HIV positive and discovering that your own mother has been diagnosed with cancer. Undoubtedly, the most influential people in my life have been my mother and father. It is to them that I credit many of my accomplishments and successes - both inside and outside of school. Throughout my childhood, my parents have always fostered and encouraged me in all my endeavors. At all my sporting events, spelling bees, concerts, and countless other activities, they have always been front row and center. My parents, in conjunction with twelve years of Catholic training, have also instilled in me a sound belief in a loving, caring God, which I have come to firmly believe. It therefore should not come as a surprise that the news of my mothers sickness would greatly alter my entire outlook on life. Where was my God? My mother, in fact, had been aware of her condition in the spring of my junior year in high school. She deliberately did not inform my sister or me of her illness because she did not want to distract us from our studies. Instead, my mother waited for the completion of her radiation therapy treatments. At this time, she brought me into her room, sat me down on the same wooden rocking chair from which she used to read me bedtime stories, and began to relate her story. I did not weep, I did not flinch. In fact, I hardly even moved, but from that point onward, I vow... Free Essays on Significant Experience College is the greatest opportunity in the world. Where else would I be able to study what I want to study, rather than what I am made to study? Nothing sounds better to me than going to school everyday and learning about subjects and issues than I am realy interested in. In college I intend to major in psychology and minor in music. I have chosen psychology because I am interested in studying the human mind and why people behave and act the way they do. I am interested in working with children and adolescent at risk. I am almost certain that this will be a profession I will love and feel good about. I wish to minor in music because I love music and have a need to learn more about it. If possible, I plan to combine these two areas of study in my future career. Perhaps in the field of music therapy. The idea of being able to study exactly what I want facinates me. I am excited to know that college will give me this opportunity. I want to take advantage of my college experience to the fullest extent. During my high school years I did not participate in as many activities as I would have liked to. As I start my senior year I realize there is not much time left. I am a very shy person and this has kept me back from doing many of the things that I would like to do. I know college will offer me new ways and possibilities to get involved and become part of something. College will provide me with a chance to once and for all start to overcome my shyness. In college I will open myself to things that I really care about and try things that I did not try before. I look forward to immersing myself in new and exciting things and not taking anything for granted. I see college as a time to finally "shed my skin"....
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Reality, Illusion And Foolish Pride Essays - The Cherry Orchard Reality, Illusion and Foolish Pride In the plays The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov, A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen, and Galileo by Bertolt Brecht, the protagonists' mental beliefs combine reality and illusion that both shape the plot of each respective story. The ability of the characters to reject or accept an illusion, along with the foolish pride that motivated their decision, leads to their personal downfall. In The Cherry Orchard, by Anton Chekhov, Gayev and Miss Ranevsky, along with the majority of their family, refuse to believe that their estate is close to bankruptcy. Instead of accepting the reality of their problem, they continue to live their lives under the illusion that they are doing well financially. The family continues with its frivolous ways until there is no money left (the final night they have in the house before it is auctioned, they throw an extravagant party, laughing in the face of impending financial ruin) Even when Lopakhin attempts to rescue the family with ideas that could lead to some of the estate being retained, they dismiss his ideas under the illusion that the situation is not so desperate that they need to compromise any of their dignity. Lopakhin: As you know, your cherry orchard?s being sold to pay your debts. The auction is on the twenty second of August. But there?s no need to worry, my dear. You can sleep soundly. There?s a way out. Here?s my plan. Listen carefully, please. Your estate is only about twelve miles from town, and the railway is not very far away. Now all you have to do is break up your cherry orchard and the land along the river into building plots and lease them out for country cottages. You?ll then have an income of at least twenty-five thousand a year. Gayev: I?m sorry, but what utter nonsense! (Later in the Dialogue) Mrs. Ranevsky: Cut down? My dear man, I?m very sorry but I don?t think you know what you?re talking about.... Lopakhin: If we can?t think of anything and if we can?t come to any decision, it won?t only be your cherry orchard, but your whole estate that will be sold at auction on the twenty-second of August. Make up your mind. I tell you there is no other way. (Page 621-622)? This inability on the behalf of the family to realize the seriousness of their situation is due to their refusal to accept reality. If they had recognized the situation they were in, and dealt with it, (they may have been able to save some of their money, or even curbed their spending) they could have saved themselves. Unfortunately, once things got bad for them financially, they refused to accept that fact that circumezces had changed, and instead continued to live as though nothing were wrong. They adopted this illusion as a savior of their pride, and the illusion eventually became reality for the family. Their pride wouldn?t allow for anything else. They were too proud to accept that their social status, and financial status was in jeopardy, so they chose to live a life of illusion. In their imaginary situation, they were going to be fine. It is easier to believe something when you really want it to be true. Unfortunately, outside situations don't change, even if you can fool yourself into thinking they don't exist. The illusion that they used to run their lives became the source of their downfall. Since they grasped at their illusion so tightly, in vain hopes that it would replace reality, they failed to deal practically with their problem, until it got to the point where they had to. They were kicked out onto the street, and had all of their material things taken from them. The most important thing they had their status was gone. In A Doll's House, by Henrik Ibsen, property and status are again destined to be lost. The illusion is twisted. At the beginning of the play, Nora leads a life under the illusion that everything was perfect. She lives for eight years with the knowledge that she has broken the law, and betrayed her husband. Though it was necessary, the psychological toll it took on her and the family
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Reflective Letter - Essay Example I think this is one of the central parts of the revision process. It is possible to write a sentence that is grammatically correct that nonetheless has multiple meanings. Upon the revision process I was able to spot much of the ambiguity and clarify these element. This way the paper flowed more and the argument was stronger. During the revision of this specific paper I also realized areas where the argument could be made stronger. These revision elements were more conceptual in nature as I recognized that things that were previously stated were not as strong as they could have been. This way I was able to add more quotes and background information to strengthen the essay. To a great part my writing in Ã¢â¬ËYour Life is YourÃ¢â¬â¢ DecisionÃ¢â¬â¢ also was revised in terms of clarity and conceptual elements. Throughout this essay I recognize there were many elements that I did not make adequately clear. Changing these elements allowed the essay to flow better. Notably with this essay I experimented more with the form of the paragraphs. I came to realize that oftentimes paragraphs can go in a variety of positions and that experimenting with positions allows one to add rhetorical flair and strength to the essay. Another essay that I made revisions to was Ã¢â¬ËA Summer Fitness JourneyÃ¢â¬â¢. I chose this essay to be included in my portfolio as it not only represents a literal summer fitness journey, but also metaphorically attests to my writing journey throughout the course. Many of the changes that were made to this essay were for clarification purposes. In this sense I recognize I wrote the essay with a story in mind and at times did completely understand that the audience didnÃ¢â¬â¢t comprehend specific elements. This way during the revision I was able to more thoroughly establish the aspects of the story that werenÃ¢â¬â¢t thoroughly explained enough. Another major thing in this essay was the understanding that things emerged I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t
Friday, November 1, 2019
Brazos Co-Mark - Case Study Example in proving to the potential lenders that the CoMark deal has been carefully evaluated and will be able to generate the money needed to offset the loan given. As a result of the tough economic times brought about by the economic recession of 2008, apart from lenders being more careful the corporate bond market is also not as attractive since investors are very careful with their dollars. Sellers on the other hand as in the case of the founders of CoMark are very hesitant as they expect continued recovery and as such would take their time before committing to transactions. As the economy continues to recover however, the investment environment should become favourable going forward and as such the investment in CoMark will yield returns. The fallen oil prices should also mean a friendlier investment environment. So as to guarantee return on the investment in the CoMark deal as well as assure lenders and potential investors of value due diligence must be taken in every aspect. The first area of due diligence is the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s profile and its industry. CoMark is strategic in the sense that unlike peers in the industry, it is completely integrated with own production and sales forces. As such the company is easy leverage upon. Firstly it can control prices and also effectively management investment with sales persons involved from the production to the final point where the product is sold. CoMarkÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing strategy of selling to the end users, majority of whom are government agencies, educational institutions and the private sector is differentiated. As such on this end therefore the company is capable of withstanding recession thus will prefer to go ahead with the investment. Second is the management aspect, CoMark is a family owned business which fits well in the strategy of Brazos. It is well managed and has unique business model in the entire industry hence will approve the deal. The other area of due diligence is the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s cash flow; CoMark strategy
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Where Is the Love by Black Eyed Peas - Essay Example Social or Political Context If the release date of the song Ã¢â¬Å"Where Is the LoveÃ¢â¬ is followed and a thorough introspection within the lyrics of the song is focused, then an easy contention of the socio-political context of the song can be culminated. The song was released in the year 2003 when America was under the threat and trauma of post 9/11 event. The song was conceived almost as an anti-terrorism and anti-war anthem. The song captivated the issues pertaining to myriad social and political troubles across the world. The song does not only essentially focus on the issue of terrorism but it also highlighted the anti-terrorism policy undertaken by US government and its hypocrisy upon the issue. The song captivates the issues of intolerance, racism and extreme greed of mankind which are actually leading to the disaster of the civilisation. The song can be also perceived as the anti-terror and anti-war anthem which was pertinently culminated to set the protest against the American invasion of Iraq. In fact, the song followed the American invasion of Iraq in 2003. Musical Influences The song of Black Eyed Peas, Ã¢â¬Å"Where Is the LoveÃ¢â¬ can be treated as the signatory music creation of the band highly influenced by the hip-hop music. The song is also influenced by the early influences on the band of the songs Ã¢â¬Å"Called QuestÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"De La SoulÃ¢â¬ . The song, Ã¢â¬Å"Where Is the LoveÃ¢â¬ featured Fergie and the pop instinct of the band can be perceived in the song at full length. Fergie also introduced Justin Timberlake and associated him with the song.
Monday, October 28, 2019
Major Sources of Stress Essay 1. What are your major sources of stress? What types of problems do these create for you? Some of my major stresses right now are the fact that I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a job. I am worried about my fiancÃ © and her health problems that she is dealing with. Another stressor is making sure my children have a Christmas. The biggest problem this creates for me is the stress it puts on my relationship because I am stressed and take things out on people around me. Another problem that it causes is the fact that I am so irritated I canÃ¢â¬â¢t concentrate on anything. 2. What are you currently doing to cope with your sources of stress? One thing that I am doing to cope with my stress is making sure I take my medication. The other thing that I am doing to cope with my stress is that I am trying to take things one at a time. I should be getting counseling but with everything else I have on my plate I am unable too. 3. Select two coping strategies from the chapter that youd like to try and explain how they may be helpful to you in dealing with stress. Provide examples of each. One coping strategy that I would like to try are: Taking charge of the situation. This could be helpful to me if I could get things in order as to what needs to be done first. The other strategy that I would like to use is: Talking to friends and family. This could be helpful by giving me the help that I need to get through everything. Taking charge of the situation would mean for me to get everything into perspective. If I have too many things on my plate, maybe I can get someone to help me depending on what the situation is. Talking to friends and family could help if I would just learn to talk to them. My fiancÃ © is one for sure that I should be talking to because of us being in this together. I know she would be willing to help me through everything that she can possibly help me with.
Saturday, October 26, 2019
The Disintegration of Othello Shakespeare's Othello is a play with unique characters. One such character is the one for which Shakespeare names his play. In the play, Othello disintegrates from a confident leader to a homicidal murderer. Linguistic changes throughout the play attest to this theory. In the opening scenes, Shakespeare portrays Othello as a noble character. When Brabantio seeks vengeance (for "stealing" his daughter) on Othello, Othello expresses his actions will "tongue out his [Brabantio's] complaints" (1.2.21). Thus he shows his calmness against the verbal slander of Brabantio. Throughout this scene, Othello remains calm and confident. Moreover, he humbly tells the story of his relationship with Desdemona. He does not flaunt the situation over Brabantio but speaks modestly. In the next act, Othello maintains his calm demeanor. He speaks poetically of seeing his "fair warrior" Desdemona (2.1.210). Later in the scene, Cassio fails at his military duties. Even though this deeply hurts Othello, he keeps his calm. He lovin...
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Choose any decade in recent history and describe how Ã¢â¬ËStyleÃ¢â¬â¢ defined the period- 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s Emergence from the devastation that hit Britain during the Second World War, Britain in the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s was one that broke many fashion traditions, generated new social movements and defined the period with its style. Ã¢â¬Å"There was to be an end to the age of shoddy, to the post-war period of Ã¢â¬Ëmaking doÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ ¦ swinging London was confident enough now to wage a war of independence. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998 p35)The post war industrial boom was affecting lifestyles and in particular, it was the the Youth culture that benefitted mostly from this shift in movement. There was emphasis on the youth and Ã¢â¬ËThe LookÃ¢â¬â¢ that began to displace the Ã¢â¬ËNew lookÃ¢â¬â¢ of the post war period. Becoming more open minded, independent and culturally aware were all things that the youth began to adopt, along with disposable income. Benefits from the post war industrial boom encouraged this new attitude towards money and the way it could be spent. Ã¢â¬ ¦commercial success stories, many related to retailing of one sort of another, with fashion and home furnishings being at the fore front of the consumer revolution. Because this was a time of virtually full employment and economic prosperity, consumers had more money to spend than ever before. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998, p35) The style and attitude towards fashion had changed, and it became a passion rather then a necessity. Music in the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s had a strong influential bond with fashion and style that had never been so closely linked.This unison created distinctive style of dress, developing from Beatnik, Teddy Boys and Mods. The attitude towards style had become very open and people began to gain confidence in their own development of sense of style. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ music and attitudes that could be understood at a glance. And the freedom that fashion allowed in the sixties meant that everyone cou ld dress up. Ã¢â¬ (Connikie, 1990, p7) The Beatles were the band that represented the forefront of menÃ¢â¬â¢s fashion. They developed styles for each new record release and in 1963 they had portrayed the distinctive collarless Cardin Suits and collar-length hair.This recognisable hair cut became instantly noticeable in the youth culture. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦became a universal sign of rebellious youth. Ã¢â¬ (Connikie, 1990, p36) The Beatles also adopted a similarity to the Ã¢â¬Å"modÃ¢â¬â¢ style, however denied connections with the culture as they wanted to appeal to all, the music and the culture both interrupted Britain at the similar time. Before the Mods culture emerged in Britain, former sub cultures such as Teddy Boys built the bridges to allow people to challenge style and create a culture.Teddy boys also lead the way for a growing male interest in fashion, making it socially acceptable. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦male interest in fashion in Britain was mostly associated with the under ground homosexual subcultureÃ¢â¬â¢s flamboyant dressing stylesÃ¢â¬ (Mod subculture, website, 2010) These cultures would have developed from the New Romantics as they became more out spoken and familiar. As the subcultures faded in the early 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, the Mod style, short for Ã¢â¬ËModernsÃ¢â¬â¢ were prime examples of what the Swinging Sixties were classed as: youth, mobility, fashion and a strong interest in music.The majority of people who adopted this culture were young adults. The styles included; the Harrington jacket, Fishtail green parka, polo shirts, turtle necks, roll necks, slim fitting, high collared shirts, loafers, dessert boots, tailored 60Ã¢â¬â¢s jacket and straight leg trouser or jeans. They would drive scooters as it was an easy accessible mode of transport, it became a distinctive part of the culture, all based around style and the overall look. The attitudes around this culture was desirable to the youth but could be described as troublesome for othe rs.Rifts between the Mods and Rockers caused public display of violence in Brighton 1964, the riot scene was recreated in the film Ã¢â¬ËQuadropheniaÃ¢â¬â¢, produced by the classic cult band of the period, The Who, who were popular with the Mods. Mods were seen as usually city dwellers with well paid office jobs and looked presentable, whereas Rockers tended to be rural, and classed as out of touch, oafish and grubby. This style clash shows the importance of the cults and how important being united together was.It also shows how influential style could become. Styles changed slightly throughout the Mod culture and it adopted a new Italian/ French style, introduced a smooth, sophisticated look that enhanced the tailor made feel. Crew necks, pointed toe leather shoes were a few additions to the culture. Due to this style, a period of pushing boundaries and experimentation was nigh. The use of recreational drugs was something that the culture influenced. Nicknamed Ã¢â¬Ëpurple hear tsÃ¢â¬â¢ Mods would use the drug when out at night to get a buzz and stimulation. Mods used amphetamines to extend their leisure time into the early hours of the morning and as a way of bridging the wide gap between their hostile and daunting everyday work lives and the Ã¢â¬Ëinner worldÃ¢â¬â¢ of dancing and dressing up in their off-hours. Ã¢â¬ (Mod subculture, website, 2011) Some male Mods experimented with challenging the social gender norms by wearing makeup to enhance their appearance and women began to substitute an androgynous style of wearing clothes. Hair was being cut short, the wear of menÃ¢â¬â¢s garments and little make up worn.This obsession Mods had with clothes and styles allowed acceptance to the idea of experimentation and added a sense of rebellion to social norms. Attitudes towards women in the Mod culture were also influential, young mod men accepted the idea that women did not have to be attached to a man and that they can become independent and have a source of income etc. This presentable image was said to make non-subculture aspects of life easier and more equal to that of the male Mods.Miniskirts defined the period of change in the attitude towards the length of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s clothing and how much reveal is accepted. This initial style pushed the boundaries and as a result has changed the attitude ever since. Ã¢â¬Å"Female Mods pushed the boundaries if parental tolerance with their miniskirts, which got progressively shorter between the early and mid 1960Ã¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ (Mods subculture, website, 2011) Models such as Twiggy and Jean Shrimpton were pinnacle to the fashion industry during the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s.They promoted and exposed the new changing styles across the world, and in tern became a face of the period. Their style defined the period and TwiggyÃ¢â¬â¢s famous face is one that we automatically link to that of the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s. Ã¢â¬Å"With her waif like figure, boyish hair cut and striking eye lashes she created an ima ge that would epitomise an era. Twiggy became the idol for millions of teenage girls of the sixties revolution. Ã¢â¬ (Twiggy Lawson, website, 2008) She was one of the first supermodels and was/is an icon of the period.Mary Quant, a quintessential designer in the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s, made keeping up with trends inexpensive and accessible to all young girls in the period. She popularised the mini skirt and became essential for developing the Mod-girl image. She also became a defining person of the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s and changed shopping experiences and attitudes to style by opening up a divergent store offering new cutting edge and orginal designs. These hand tailored designs had became desirable as each one was unique and became very popular with the youth culture. Design alone could not have brought about the revolution in taste and lifestyle that happened during the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ the key figure of the decade were the popularisers, those who actively and directly promoted Ã¢â¬Ëthe l ookÃ¢â¬â¢ and made it available to a mass audience. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998, p36) The British youth fashion was a lucrative market and Quant along with partner Alexander Plunket Greene opened a retail store in the Kings road called Bazaar. She designed and edited garments that became very desirable to the youth culture as it was accessible and new, in creating this idea Quant became a brand in herself.Mods were very conscious about clothing and buying the classic items. Gaining inspiration from the cults, Quant enhanced the promotion of them. In 1965 she wrote Ã¢â¬Å"It is the ModsÃ¢â¬ ¦ who gave the dress trade the impetus to break through the fast-moving, breathtaking, uprooting revolution in which we have been a part since the opening of Bazaar. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998, p43) This shows that style generated by cults, were particularly a large influence to help define the period and possible retail future. Ã¢â¬â¢The LookÃ¢â¬â¢ which she created was part of a wider movement enc ompassing photography, graphics and pop music along with domestic design, she was keenly aware of the significance of fashion in particular in pioneering change, and in leading and defining a shift in social attitudes. Ã¢â¬Å" (Jackson, 1998, p43) the attitudes had become more relaxed and people wanted this to be shown through what they wear. Their attitude towards the clothes themselves and the idea of spending money had also changed. Because this was a time of virtually full employment and economic prosperity, consumers had more money to spend then ever before. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998, p35) Along with this designer, the male revolution and attitude towards style had also changed and shopping as an experience was one that in particular men enjoyed to. John Stephen owned 10 stores down Carnaby Street by 1966. Each store had a different feel and different name. These stores became a busy, exciting place to go and shopping became a leisurely past time, where as before it was a necessit y-based experience.This encouraged the Mods, and people became to buy into the lifestyle they lead. These stores were the first to play music, allowing dancing, trying on, alterations and became a desired social experience. Ã¢â¬ËSwinging London in 1966, what people were most interested in was shoppingÃ¢â¬ ¦ Shopping became a primary leisure activity for young people, along with watching television and listening to pop music. Shopping was also an avenue for the expression of popular culture, both in terms of what was now being sold, and through the way shops were designed. Ã¢â¬â¢ (Jackson, 1998, p36) Ã¢â¬Å"That the fashion for shopping was perceived as being central to the revitalization of design in BritainÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢Carnaby streetÃ¢â¬â¢ was widely used as a generic term for a particular type of design: brash, brightly coloured, with highly decorated surfaces, including the ubiquitous union jack. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998, p37) Carnaby street developed into a Ã¢â¬Ëvirtual fashion paradeÃ¢â¬â¢ (1960Ã¢â¬â¢s in Fashion, website, 2011) and said to sell not only clothes but also an attitude and was a key characteristic of innovation, iconoclasm and fun. They echoed the prevailing spirit of sexual and political revolutionÃ¢â¬ ¦. Carnaby Street became synonymous with the idea of Swinging London. Using the skills of established Soho Ã¢â¬Ërag tradeÃ¢â¬â¢, it sold relatively inexpensive, trend-driven merchandise that mirrored contemporary changes in society and culture. Ã¢â¬ (V&A, Fashion in 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, website, N. D) And was said to have Ã¢â¬Ëpulled the rug from under contemporary or modernÃ¢â¬ (Hillier, 1998, p188) This generated look and concept about shopping was seen as an enjoyable past time was a desirable experience from other countries outside Britain.The consumer revolution had given Britain a new look, Post war Ã¢â¬Å"Britain shed it fusty, olde-worlde image, and Ã¢â¬Ëswinging LondonÃ¢â¬â¢, with it Beatlemania and Rolling St ones, its Carnaby Street and mini-skirts and Chelsea boutiques, became a world influence in lifestyle and fashion. Ã¢â¬ (Hillier, 1998, p162) This defines the power Britain had to influence style in other countries, it was gaining a name in fashion and beginning to become a culture associated with Britain. The term Ã¢â¬ËYouthquakeÃ¢â¬â¢ was used to describe the shift in attitudes towards style and shopping.It had defined the prosperity of future Britain and therefore defined this period as a statement that is very eminent. There was a consumer revolution as shopping experiences changed. Ã¢â¬Å"The restrictive conventions and judgemental attitude of earlier decades were challengedÃ¢â¬ ¦ shopping had a major impact on peoples lifestyles: by making available goods that people had never seen before. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998, p36) Lifestyle shops such as Habitat were introuced, they were pinnacle to defining the period and the consumer revolution.They had created a place where peop le would desire the lifestyle and living accommodations that they created visually instore. Mary Quant had influenced Terrence Conran, the founder of Habitat, as he admired young fashion designers that had challenged the norms and had drawn attention to the new market. Habitat was said to be Ã¢â¬Å"probably the single most important domestic design phenomenon in Britain during the 1960s. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998, p49). Habitat was recognised across seas that had inspired particularly Americans and Scandinavians to change the way of retail and style. Ã¢â¬ ¦in 1966 that the international media suddenly discovered the London Ã¢â¬ËsceneÃ¢â¬â¢ and decided that Britain has got Ã¢â¬Ëthe lookÃ¢â¬â¢ which the rest of the world wanted. Ã¢â¬ (Jackson, 1998, p40) Pivital to this revolution was originally the Cult styles founded by the youth culture. Cult styles changed rapidly in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, but had almost defined the period due to the influence they had caused. Due to constant shifts in style the Mods in particular had drifted away due to the changing styles, such as the Hippys. The Ã¢â¬ËharderÃ¢â¬â¢ moderns were rougher and became the first Ã¢â¬ËskinheadsÃ¢â¬â¢, another style interpreting the period.The consumer boom was very important in defining the period and this was lead on from the styles, the ever-changing youth Cults had created throughout the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. These styles had influenced many revolutions such as breaking social norms, effecting shopping styles among other things. Style has definitely defined the period as Britain was out of the war and ready for a new social boom, style has become instantly recognizable to the period. The cults are still guiding design now, and we recognise the period due to the style and design movements there were.Retail and designers both use influences from periods in time and the Cult styles are reborn. Designers such as Fred Perry have adopted influences from the Mod culture with their polo shirts an d jackets; this look is very widespread and has almost re created the culture in the sense that the style becomes very popular. This is available to see throughout fashion and retail and the period is still defined by the style created by the youth culture. Vintage fashion has become very apparent and people are beginning to mock different eras to show individuality. This shows the style defining periods are very much important today.
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Libertarianism As a Christina view, in the beginning of the time, Ã¢â¬Å"For in Him all things were created: things in Heaven and on Earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through Him and for HimÃ¢â¬ (Colossians 1: 16). Human beings were created by God with one purpose to worship to Him. God knew that the first man and woman were going to fall down in the enemy temptation. That is why He created every single thing perfectly. However, we study the history through the Bible or other kind of books.We will see that few people fallowed that commitment and other people did things that are not pleasing to Him. God hoped to receive worship from them, but it was not like that. God is a gentleman, He never is going to force us to do things that we do not want to do. He gave us freedom or freewill to do whatever we want to and chooses between the good or evil. Every single humanÃ¢â¬â¢s act will have its reward. As the Scriptures says that there are two ways, a big one and small one. In the big way, many people go in that direction because is easier; however, it drives to the perdition.The small way is the opposite form (Mathew 7: 13-14). The humanÃ¢â¬â¢s stages start born, growing, reproducing, and dying. While, the people still alive, Ã¢â¬Å"Each mind is a worldÃ¢â¬ (Kay, 1998, p. 163). We do different things from others and we do not care what others think about us because we have libertarianism. What is libertarianism? Ã¢â¬Å"It is a particular account of the metaphysics of human choiceÃ¢â¬ (Stewart, Blocker & Petrik, 2012, p. 154). The libertarianism is also used in philosophy and it can refer to the freedom, liberty, right, and freewill.They are fundamental goods that governments should be extremely slow to restrict them. Long time ago, there were many slaves did not count with those goods, they knew to work for someone. We can imagine that it was hard to live in that time, now we se e different when someone left from the jail and the person is free. He stills happy and he does not want to come back again. As human beings have the knowledge to understand which things are bad and good. Libertarianism has pro and con or for and against.For example, I go to buy a used video game to Game Stop, I am going to buy it because I want it or like it, and I do not care other people think about me. In this example there are both. The pro could be that it is cheaper than the new one, but the con may be does not work well. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËI have the right to do anything,Ã¢â¬â¢ you sayÃ¢â¬âbut not everything is beneficial. Ã¢â¬ËI have the right to do anythingÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬âbut not everything is constructiveÃ¢â¬ (Corinthians 10: 23). Libertarianism is based on the principles of Self-Ownership. It means that I have to live my own life and let others live their lives. Self-Ownership is to deny, this is to imply that another person has a higher claim on your life than you doÃ¢â¬ (Norquist, 2005). No, other person or group of people, own your life nor do you own the lives of others. For example a person exist in times and it is manifest as; past (product of your life and liberty), present (freedom or rights) and future (life). If we lose the life, then we lose our future. However, if we lose the freedom, then we lose the present or if we lose the product of our life, then we lose the past that includes our knowledge. The product if our life and our liberty is our property.Property is the fruit of our labor and the product of the time, talents, and energy. As a human being, property is part of us; it is our nature, which we turn to valuable use. At times, some people use force or fraud to take form other without voluntary consent. Examples of them are: if someone takes the life of other is murder, about liberty is slavery and property is theft. We have the right to protect our own lives, liberty and property from the forceful aggression of others. A lso, we can ask for help to others to defend us (parents) because they never want bad thing for their children.Nevertheless, we have to be sure that we are not initiating to force against the life, liberty, and property of others. We have the right to seek for a leader for ourselves to drive us, but we do not have rights to impose rulers onto others. Since we our own life, we are responsible for our lives. We do not ret our lives from other humans who demand obedience. We studied in the beginning the God created us and just to Him we should show up obedience and worship to Him; however we do not do it. We are living in the grace time that is why God does not destroy us yet. For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus ChristÃ¢â¬ (John 1: 17). Nor are we slaves form others who demand our sacrifice. In our lives, we choose our own goals based on our own vales, those values can go downs and ups; however we will reach one of the goal. Success and failure bo th are necessary incentives to learn and to grow. Our actions on behalf of others or their actions behalf of us, it is virtuous only when it is derived firm voluntary, mutual and consent. For virtue just can exist only where there is free choice.It is not only the most practical and humanitarian foundation for human action, it is also the most ethical. The problems in the world that arise from initiation of force by government have a solution. The solution is for the people of the Earth to stop asking government officials and initiate force on their behalf. Evil does not arise only form evil people, but also from good people who tolerant the initiation of forces as means to their own ends. In this manner, good people have empowered evil people through the history. Achieving a free society requires courage to think, to talk and to act. I do not understand what I do. For what I want to do I do not do, but what I hate I doÃ¢â¬ (Romans 7: 15). References (1998). King James Bible. (KJ V ed. , Vol. Deuteronomy). Nashville, TN: Cornerstone Bible Publishers. Kay B. Warren (1998). Indigenous movements and their critics. United Kingdom: Princeton University Press, 41 Street Princeton, New Jersey 08540. 163. Norquist, G. (2005). Ownership Can Be Revolutionary. American Enterprise,Ã 16(2), 50. Stewart, D. , Blocker, G. H. , & Petrik, J. (2012). Fundamentals of philosophy. (8th ed. ed. ). New York: Pearson.
Tuesday, October 22, 2019
Acheulean Tradition The Acheulean (sometimes spelled Acheulian) is a stone tool techno-complex that emerged in East Africa during the Lower Paleolithic about 1.76 million years ago (abbreviated mya), and persisted until 300,000-200,000 years ago (300-200 ka), although in some places it continued as recently as 100 ka. The humans who produced the Acheulean stone tool industry were members of the species Homo erectus and H. heidelbergensis. During this period, Homo erectus left Africa through the Levantine Corridor and traveled into Eurasia and eventually Asia and Europe, bringing the technology with them. The Acheulean was preceded by the Oldowan in Africa and parts of Eurasia, and it was followed by the Mousterian Middle Paleolithic in western Eurasia and the Middle Stone Age in Africa. The Acheulean was named after the Acheul site, a Lower Paleolithic site on the Somme River in France. Acheul was discovered in the mid-19th century. Stone Tool Technology The defining artifact for the Acheulean tradition is the Acheulean handaxe, but the toolkit also included other formal and informal tools. Those tools included flakes, flake tools and cores; elongated tools (or bifaces) such as cleavers and picks (sometimes called trihedrals for their triangular cross-sections); and spheroids or bolas, roughly rounded sedimentary limestone rocks used as a percussion tool. Other percussion devices on Acheulean sites are hammerstones and anvils. Acheulean tools demonstrate a significant technological advance over the earlier Oldowan; an advance thought to parallel a cognitive and adaptive increase in brain power. The Acheulean tradition is broadly correlated with the emergence of H. erectus, although the dating for this event is /- 200,000 years, so the association of the evolution ofÃ H. erectus with the Acheulean toolkit is a bit of a controversy. Besides flint-knapping, the Acheulean hominin was cracking nuts, working wood, and butchering carcasses with these tools. She had the ability to purposely create large flakes (10 centimeters [4 inches] in length), and reproduce standard tool shapes. Timing of the Acheulean Pioneer paleontologist Mary Leakey established the Acheuleans position in time at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, where she found Acheulean tools stratified above the older Oldowan. Since those discoveries, hundreds of thousands of Acheulean handaxes have been found throughout Africa, Europe, and Asia, spanning several million square kilometers, in multiple ecological regions, and accounting for at least one hundred thousand generations of people. The Acheulean is the oldest and longest-lasting stone tool technology in the worlds history, accounting for more than half of all recorded tool-making. Scholars have identified technological improvements along the way, and although they agree that there were changes and developments during this huge chunk of time, there are no widely-accepted names for the periods of technology change, except in the Levant. Further, since the technology is so wide-spread, local and regional changes occurred differently at different times. Chronology The following is compiled from several different sources: see the bibliography below for further information. 1.76-1.6 mya: Early Acheulean. Sites: Gona (1.6 mya), Kokiselei (1.75), Konso (1.75), FLK West, Koobi Fora, West Turkana, Sterkfontein, Bouri, all in eastern or southern Africa. Tool assemblages are dominated by large picks and thick bifaces/unifaces made on large flake blanks.1.6-1.2 mya: Sterkfontein, Konso Gardula; refinement of handaxe shape begins, advanced shaping of handaxes seen at Konso, Melka Kunture Gombore II by 850 ka.1.5 mya outside Africa: Ubeidiya in the Jordan Rift Valley of Israel, bifacial tools, including picks and handaxes, which account for over 20% of the tools. Additional tools are chopping tools, choppers and flake tools but no cleavers. Raw source material varies by tool: bifacial tools on basalt, chopping tools and flake tools on flint; spheroids in limestone1.5-1.4 in Africa: Peninj, Olduvai, Gadeb Garba. Massive production of large, shaped tools, high-quality raw materials, flake blanks, cleavers1.0 mya-700 ka: known as Large Flake Acheulian in some place s: Gesher Benot Yaaqov (780-660 ka Israel); Atapuerca, Baranc de la Boella (1 mya), Porto Maior, El Sotillo (all in Spain); Ternifine (Morocco). Numerous bifacial tools, handaxes, and cleavers make up the site assemblages; large flakes (exceeding 10 cm in maximal dimension) were used to produce handaxes. Basalt was theÃ preferred source for cutting materials, and true flake cleavers were the most common tool. 700-250 ka: Late Acheulean: Venosa Notarchirico (700-600 ka, Italy); La Noira (France, 700,000), Caune de lArago (690-90 ka, France), Pakefield (UK 700 ka), Boxgrove (UK, 500 ka). There are hundreds of sites dated to the Late Acheulean with many thousands of handaxes, found in harsh deserts to Mediterranean landscapes, and some of the sites have hundreds or thousands of handaxes. Cleavers are almost absent and large flake production no longer used as a primary technology for handaxes, which are at the end made with early Levallois techniquesMousterian: replaced all LP industries beginning around 250,000, widely associated with Neanderthals and later with the spread of Early Modern Humans. Sources Alperson-Afil, Nira. Scarce but Significant: The Limestone Component of the Acheulean Site of Gesher Benot Yaaqov, Israel. The Nature of Culture, Naama Goren-Inbar, SpringerLink, January 20, 2016. Beyene Y, Katoh S, WoldeGabriel G, Hart WK, Uto K, Sudo M, Kondo M, Hyodo M, Renne PR, Suwa G et al. 2013. The characteristics and chronology of the earliest Acheulean at Konso, Ethiopia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(5):1584-1591. Corbey R, Jagich A, Vaesen K, and Collard M. 2016. The Acheulean handaxe: More like a birds song than a Beatles tune? Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews 25(1):6-19. Diez-MartÃ n F, Snchez Yustos P, Uribelarrea D, Baquedano E, Mark DF, Mabulla A, Fraile C, Duque J, DÃ az I, PÃ ©rez-Gonzlez A et al. 2015. The Origin of The Acheulean: The 1.7 Million-Year-Old Site of FLK West, Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania). Scientific Reports 5:17839. Gallotti R. 2016. The East African origin of the Western European Acheulean technology: Fact or paradigm? Quaternary International 411, Part B:9-24. Gowlett JAJ. 2015. Variability in an early hominin percussive tradition: the Acheulean versus cultural variation in modern chimpanzee artefacts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 370(1682). Moncel M-H, DespriÃ ©e J, Voinchet P, Tissoux H, Moreno D, Bahain J-J, Courcimault G, and FalguÃ ¨res C. 2013. Early Evidence of Acheulean Settlement in Northwestern Europe - La Noira Site, a 700 000 Year-Old Occupation in the Center of France. PLOS ONE 8(11):e75529. Santonja M, and PÃ ©rez-Gonzlez A. 2010. Mid-Pleistocene Acheulean industrial complex in the Iberian Peninsula. Quaternary International 223Ã¢â¬â224:154-161. Sharon G, and Barsky D. 2016. The emergence of the Acheulian in Europe Ã¢â¬â A look from the east. Quaternary International 411, Part B:25-33. Torre, Ignacio de la. The Transition to the Acheulean in East Africa: an Assessment of Paradigms and Evidence from Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania). Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, Rafael Mora, Volume 21, Issue 4, May 2, 2013.
Monday, October 21, 2019
Serial Killers And Society Essays - Crime, Murder, Psychopathy Serial Killers and Society The nineteen-seventies was an incredible decade. It was a decade of change, one of freedom, a time for great music. It was also an incredible decade for shock, fear and serial killers. John Wayne Gacy, an amateur clown, was a pedophiliac homosexual. He tortured and killed thirty three little boys and stored their remains under his house. David Berkowitz, a.k.a. the Son of Sam, stalked New York City from nineteen-sixty-seven to nineteen-seventy-seven. He claimed to have been following a voice from his dog that told him when and where to kill. Ted Bundy, who is believed to have killed at least thirty-four people, was charged for only three under his own defense- and in fact, he was commended by the judge for his own defense. He was put to death. With the combination of a very powerful media and a society fascinated with gruesome, sadistic crimes, modern serial killers have been put in the spotlight. We are enraptured with serial killers so much, that we pay seven dollars to go see a movie where everyone except the bad guys gets strangled, mutilated, or shot- and enjoy it in some sick way. The media goes out of its way to glamorize murder and terrify the public. We support killers like Charles Manson on Death Row with our tax dollars. In fact, we support them with more than that. About two months ago there was an art show in California entitled: The Death Row Art Show III. Pieces sold for thousands of dollars regardless of their aesthetic appeal, because of the identity of the artists. Serial killers are becoming as popular as rock stars. Serial killers are a development of the industrial world; they really didn't "come about" until the late eighteen-hundreds when society was becoming modernized and the threat of the new age sort of displaced some individuals so much they felt they had to kill to get their point across to society. Jack the Ripper is probably the most notorious killer in history because he established the serial killer profile. Ripper set up a pattern for the new line of mass murderers who would follow in the tradition of a truly organized killer. He had a sexual obsession with prostitutes that led him to target complete strangers for a days work. When he was done, he laid his victim out in a ritualistic manner with various disemboweled items placed strategically on or around the victim's corpse. Of course, murder has been around for centuries, committed by under-educated thieves. No one was interested in meeting, and hearing about a poor peasant that slit someones throat in a dark alley. But ever since the introduction of serial killers into our society, with their precision and strategy of the murder, the media became fascinated with these people, and so did society. So instead of killing or punishing these horrible people, we now have television networks arguing over movie rights to the killers story. News shows fighting to get the "exclusive interview". T-shirts with the killers faces on them(e.g.. the famous "Manson T-shirt"). The only explanation I can offer is that we are still obsessed with our own mortality, and we always will be. As long as we die, we'll be fascinated by those who seem to be invincible from death like, serial killers, Hitler...its almost as is we like to see the act of death itself, over and over, to observe the exact moment- or what it is that puts us over that incredible brink between life and death. I can honestly say I am fascinated with the serial killer. But since when did we condone the practice of serial killers? Why aren't they put to death promptly after being convicted, instead of being kept alive for the media to interview? You have to wonder who is making money in this. When we allow people like this to dominate our media, it's like we're saying its all right to murder. Did society and the media forget that the victims of those serial killers are us and our families? Its not the serial killers that affected the twentieth century so much, but the spotlight that allowed them to grow. Maybe if not for
Sunday, October 20, 2019
Semi-, Demi-, and Hemi- Semi-, Demi-, and Hemi- Semi-, Demi-, and Hemi- By Maeve Maddox A reader asks: Ã¢â¬ ¨ Is there any rule for when to use semi and when to use half? The Latin prefix semi means half. The earliest semi- words documented in English are semicircular (1432-1450 and semi-mature (c.1440). Both William Langland (c.1332-c.1386) and Chaucer (c.1343-1400) use semi- constructions. According the OED, In the 16th-18th c., the number of permanent compounds was increased mainly by the accession of terms more or less technical [such as semicircle and semivowel]. Although theres no rule, sometimes half would be the better choice, as in this example from Fowler: This would be an immense gain over the existing fashion of a multitude of churches ill-manned semi-filled. Some common semi- words: semiabstract semiannual semiautomatic semicolon semiconscious Two other prefixes that mean half are hemi,-, from the Greek, and demi-, from Old French. In some English words, the French prefix is attached to an English word, as in demigod. Sometimes, as with demitasse and demimonde, the entire word is French. demimonde: n. The class of women of doubtful reputation and social standing, upon the outskirts of Ã¢â¬Ësociety.Ã¢â¬â¢[Fr.; lit. Ã¢â¬Ëhalf-worldÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëhalf-and-half societyÃ¢â¬â¢, a phrase invented by Dumas the younger.] demitasse: n. a small coffee cup. [Fr., lit. Ã¢â¬Ëhalf-cupÃ¢â¬â¢] The prefix hemi is not as common as the other two. The most familiar word is hemisphere. Less common are words like hemicycle, hemistich, and hemitrope. In some contexts, the prefixes are used as nouns. Men in U.S. truck commercials rapturize over Hemi trucks. This use of hemi refers to a type of internal combustion engine that has a bowl-shaped or hemispherical combustion chamber. In England, a semi [sÃâ¢mÃâ] is a semi-detached house. In the U. S., a semi [sÃâ¢mÃ «] is a big truck of the tractor-trailer variety. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:20 Computer Terms You Should KnowList of Greek Words in the English LanguageComma Before Too?
Saturday, October 19, 2019
REMAX - Research Paper Example Their business model was such that the agents were required to devote in the brokerage operations, and in response they would receive a braod range of support services from the firm. This business strategy of Remax worked and currently the company is present in more than 80 nations across the work and ahs over 90,000 agents involved with it (Remax, 2012). Thus, it can be stated that Remax is well managed and can have infinite success in the future. This paper would focus on the management style of Remax in context of four managerial functions, namely, planning, organizing, leadership, and controlling. Remax utilises a Ã¢â¬Å"streamlined mangement systemÃ¢â¬ , as a result of which problems are foreseen and decisions are put into action rapidly, proficiently and successfully to help the company and its agents. The strenghth and stability of RemaxÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership in conjugation with Ã¢â¬Å"turn-on-a-dime flexibilityÃ¢â¬ assists in guaranteeing that the company will be able to w ithstand any economic condition, as it has been able to in the past forty years (Remax, 2012). Over the period, the company had build up a variety of business development resources and systems, which comprise of, a strong brand name and its awareness worldwide, on demand guidance and training, international lead generation structures, and updated technology. Historical Perspective of Remax The concept of Remax was simple and since the beginning, Dave and Gail Liniger believed that the agents or the brokers were the biggest assets and also the most immediate client for the real estate business. Thus, Remax had always focussed primarily on attracting and retaining quality agents and providing them an extremely professional atmosphere. The vision of Dave Liniger was to build a real estate company that people could approach anywhere across the globe for their real estate needs, recognizing that only experienced and qualified professionals would cater their case. Remax had remained true to its same beliefs over the years and have evolved as the leading real estate network in the world. Remax provides its agents with the power of an internationally renowned brand, quality and professionalism of sales associates, latest service support, and a fortified market share in the real estate industry. Remax believes that the strong point of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s system is the superiority and class of its Sales Associates. Hence from the beginning, the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s focus has been to offer the superior class agents with instruments and services to assist them to succeed. By drawing quality agents and endowing them with training, guidance, support in addition to the liberty to run their businesses according to their choice, the company has evolved as a leading real estate organization in the world (Remax, n.d.). Remax has been successful in developing a fortified global network of sales force that has helped in establishing the Remax brand to billions of buyers and sellers i n the real estate market. Assessment of the Management Style of Remax The planinng of Remax is based on the notion that the success of the company depends on the success of its agents and sales associates. Hence the company attempts to provide a professional environment conductive for learning to its human resources. The Growth Model that has been followed by the Management of Remax is as